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Among England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales of the sovereign state of the U.K. is a large variety of summer holidays celebrated yearly.
Summer Bank Holiday (the first or last Monday in August) started in 1871 as a public holiday in both the United Kingdom and Ireland. Individuals working office, retail, financial, school and related jobs are usually offered time off. Workers in essential service jobs are usually offered an increase in pay for working on Bank Holidays. The last Monday in August is celebrated in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and the first Monday in August for Scotland and Republic of Ireland.
Battle of the Boyne, also known as Orangemen's Day (July 12th) occurs in Northern Ireland and commemorates the conquest that protestant William of Orange achieved over Catholic King James II in 1690 at the Battle of the Boyne. The Orange Order continues to “march” through Catholic areas as a tradition to honor ancestors.
The Well Dressing (May – Sept) celebration happens in Derbyshire where citizens adorn wells with decorated panels, mosaics, flowers, moss and other nature related items as a way of continuing a tradition started to give thanks to water gods for a good supply of water to a village.
Honorary Coronation Day (June 2) festivities include a gun salute by the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery to remember the anniversary of the Queen being crowned in 1953.
The Queen's Official birthday (2nd Saturday in June) includes a parade and is a tradition dating back to 1748. A featured activity is the Trooping the Colour. The parade travels from Buckingham Palace to The Mall to Horseguards Parade, Whitehall and back. The start of the parade is the “Inspection,” which has the Queen drive along the eight Guards and Household Cavalry.
Midsummer's Day (June 24) occurs after the Summer Solstice. This holiday began as an ancient ritual featuring a circle dance and bonfires to encourage the sun not to go away. The holiday is mainly celebrated in Cornwall, the West Country, and London's Hampstead Heath.
The Henley Royal Regatta (July 2-6) is a prestigious rowing race in Henley-on-Thames, England. International crew teams compete on a 1 mile, 550 yards (2,112 m) course leading up to the main event, the Grand Challenge Cup for Men's Eights.
Tynwald Day, also known as old Midsummer Day, (July 5) is the national holiday of the Isle of Man, a British Isle in the Irish Sea. The main events take place on Tynwald Mount, where one of the most ancient government-related customs still continues - orally handing down laws.